Banglasdesh – Facts

Official Name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Capital: Dhaka

Time Zone: Central European Time (CET) plus 5 hours

Climate: subtropical monsoon climate

Geography: in southern Asia, between 20°34' and 26°38' northern latitude and between 88°01 and 92°41' eastern longitude; fertile alluvial plains


North: India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)

West: India (West Bengal)

East: India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar

South: Bay of Bengal

Area: 148,393 km²

Territorial Waters: 12 sea miles

Average Temperatures:

Winter (Nov. – Feb.): maximum 29°C, minimum 9°C. Summer (Apr. – Sep.): maximum 34°C, minimum 21°C.

Rain: 120-345 cm (average during monsoon season)

Air Humidity: highest in July (99%), lowest in December (36%)

Food: staple food rice, vegetables, pulses and fish

Crops: rice, wheat, jute, tea, tobacco and sugar cane

Most important rivers: Ganges/Padma, Brahmaputra/Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, in total 230 rivers with tributaries

Natural resources: natural gas, limestone, stone coal, brown coal, quartz sand, white clay, radioactive sand, etc. (very likely also oil reservoirs).

Vegetation: grass land, partly evergreen and evergreen vegetation

Population: ca. 155 Million

Population Density: 964 residents per km2

Literacy rate: 52%

Ethnic groups: primarily mixed groups of Proto-Australoids/ Dravidians, Mongolians and Indogermanics

Language: 95% Bangla, 5% other languages, English is common

Religion: Muslims (88,3%), Hindus (10,5%), Buddhists (0,6%), Christians (0,3%), followers of natural and tribal religions (0,1%)

Export: 6585.85 Mill. Euro

Import: 4868.55 Mill. Euro

GDP: 49511.00 Mill. Euro

GDP Increase: 6.05 Procent

Labour Force: 58,5 Million